Page 92 - Rural Housing Association Design Guide
P. 92
Design guide for social housing in rural Northern Ireland Creating rural places: Designing appropriate buildings create a dwelling core Floor plans: areas A number of In terms of efficient and comfortable internal layouts, a major obstacle for quality sustainable social housing design is the configurations restrictive area bands for the various accommodation types. Generally new dwellings are being built to the absolute are possible for minimum areas, using “pattern book”, deep plan housetypes which conform with the set bands. access to the public road and Stairs can be “straight” Space standards were set a number of years ago and require review and updating to relate to the contemporary space into the private flights or “dog needs of the rural dweller. The majority of contemporary standards can be adequately and compactly designed into rear garden. legged”. “Tapers” new units, however some simply require additional space to “fit into” rural forms. For example, there is currently a require- should be avoided. ment for social housing units to, facilitate future ground floor shower rooms. However this needs a considerable amount Direct entry to of space (approx. 4sqm, 6% of a two bedroom dwelling’s total floor area), which would previously have been allocated the kitchen/living Stairs should be to living, kitchen and dining areas. area may be planned to facilitate an option, as in the provision of a chair A 5% to15% increase in floor area (the required range depends upon various design factors, but particularly site/road the vernacular lift if this becomes layout, orientation, topography, dwelling form and the number of persons to be accommodated) would significantly im- cottages of the necessary. prove the layouts of the dwellings and the way they relate to their surroundings, whilst making it simpler for the designer west of Ulster. EXTERNAL ACCESS INTERNAL HORIZONTAL AND to achieve a range of varied rural forms. VERTICAL CIRCULATION Home office Uses: Future through space • stack ventilation; floor lift • soil vent pipe; • electrical; Uses: • ducting; Entrance level • general storage; • cabling; bed space Circulation • internal drying • meters; and Future stair lift requirements space. • plumbing. All accessible for ease of design maintenance. SOLUTION? flexible STORAGE GROUP THE SERVICES GENERAL set accommodation modern day reliance floor plans with NEEDS social housing an additional HOUSING Area Bands requirements on 5% to 15% area suburban style The designer should aim, if possible, to create a dwelling core which can accommodate various functions. Habitable set a number of housetypes varied forms comfortable rooms can then be attached to this core to create various forms and layouts. years ago Living space Kitchen/Dining requirements requirements Bedroom requirements Entrance level WC/shower The flexibility of the core in terms of access and cir- The layout becomes almost modular resulting in Diagram illustrating a selection of the demands on the internal layouts of rural social housing. These among others culation means a single room depth dwelling can be easily designed, constructed, extended and adapted must be incorporated into rural forms to provide quality flexible spaces, which may result in increased floor areas. orientated to relate effectively to most site layouts. “blocks”. 92 93
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