Page 67 - Rural Housing Association Design Guide
P. 67
Design guide for social housing in rural Northern Ireland Creating rural places: Considering the scheme layout A traditional road with adjoining footpath can be appropriate at schemes within settlements, where opportunities exist to Roads and streets link with existing pedestrian routes or where there is a relatively large volume of traffic. Roads serving modern rural social schemes tend to appear suburban, where footways and carriageways are generally As with shared surfaces, the principles of encouraging low vehicle speeds through design, not by “bolt on” features, also separated by kerbs, barriers and markings. Traditionally in rural environments pedestrians and traffic shared the same applies. surface. Due to the small scale and very modest volume of traffic generated by rural social housing schemes, the shared surface layout is generally the most appropriate. Although it is common to maintain a constant bitmac finish to this type of road, matching that adjoining, it is aestheti- cally pleasing to use a contrasting material for footpaths such as paviours or bound gravel. This reduces the perceived width of the road encouraging the motorist to reduce their speed and also providing good visual contrast for the visually Encourage low vehicle speeds and avoid the use of suburban “bolt on” traffic calming features, such as raised tables, impaired. speed humps, mini roundabouts and their associated “white-lining”. turning spaces Turning areas are a particular issue in rural road layouts, They should be avoided by creating permeable streets, however sometimes this is not possible and they are necessary. The typical suburban bitmaced turning head, with its high kerbs and detached bungalows arranged in a circular arrangement around it, is particularly characterless. The turning area should not be obvious, rather it should be contained within the arrangement of buildings to 1 create formal spaces or yards, which are more characteristic of rural forms. 2 3 6 4 5 1 LANDSCAPE “DEFLECTING” TRAFFIC PATH 4 VISUAL CONTRAST FOR DISABLED USERS 2 SMALL CORNER RADII 5 APPROPRIATE SURFACE TREATMENTS 3 STREET NARROWED BY BUILDINGS AND WALLS 6 “ON STREET” CAR PARKING A shared surface layout at a notional scheme in Pomeroy, Co. Tyrone, demonstrating the characteristics that make The housing square at a notional scheme in Pomeroy, Co. Tyrone, demonstrating how the necessary turning area has this the most appropriate road type for a small social housing scheme. been incorporated within the formal layout of the square. 66 67
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