Page 64 - Rural Housing Association Design Guide
P. 64
Design guide for social housing in rural Northern Ireland Creating rural places: Considering the scheme layout Layout and roads considerations Dwelling form and arrangement Achieving a natural and pleasant rural layout is closely linked with the dwelling types and forms used. Traditional rural building forms were simple, narrow gabled, rectangular shapes. Secondary components were often linked, of vary- ing height and length but always smaller than the main element and also narrow gabled (building form is discussed in greater detail later in this Guide). If layouts are done with pattern book housetypes, as often used in modern day social Appropriate site layout is a key element in rural place- DWELLING FORM housing, the result is a series of identical “box” forms which sit uneasily with each other and are alien to traditional rural making. Influenced by site context it primarily involves & ARRANGEMENT built forms. the designer arranging the dwellings, roads and areas of carparking in a coherent fashion. It is the aim of this Guide to promote individual character in rural housing groupings influenced by traditional forms. ROADS The way these three elements are addressed in rural & STREETS areas is fundamentally different from how it would be SITE LAYOUT CONSIDERATIONS done in an urban context. The more rural schemes, for example at crossroads, should feel looser and generally PARKING appear more random with a combination of spaces framed by the built and soft (landscaped) elements. In This sketch shows the typical modern social housing villages more structure is appropriate with more regular response, using “box” narrow frontage deep plan and built up spaces. semi-detached dwellings, which in terms of functionality and area bands “tick all the boxes”. This solution does not respond to the setting. Even with the layout principles of “clachan” development applied, for example irregular building alignments and shared spaces, standardised dwellings, as in this sketch, sit uneasily in the site with each other and with the adjacent established roadside development. This is the best solution, with variations in the floor plans, heights and scale of mainly detached dwellings creating a series of seemingly haphazard irregular external spaces, each with a purpose (i.e. discreet parking). The scheme responds to the adjacent established development, creating a place that appears to have grown over time, adding visual variation and distinctiveness, apparent even before architectural style or landscaping has been applied. An attractive and functional layout, reminiscent of historical rural patterns at this affordable housing scheme at Burn- A rural development opportunity at a crossroads settlement. It demonstrates the importance of dwelling form within a side, Plockton by Rural Design Architects for Lochalsh and Skye Housing Association. cluster and its ability to create appropriate places. 64 65
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