Page 23 - Rural Housing Association Design Guide
P. 23
Design guide for social housing in rural Northern Ireland Considering the place: Rural Northern Ireland Regard for the characteristics of Chimneys almost always on the ridge. vernacular rural houses Roof pitch normally between 35 to 40 degrees. Traditional design of domestic rural buildings was characterized by simplicity and symmetry. This is to be seen in a wide Eaves are simple. range of rural buildings, ranging from modest single storey cottages, one and two storey terraces provided for mill work- ers, cottages for farm labourers through to the larger two storey farm houses. Respect for these traditional building forms Solid corner buttressing. would contribute to a continued sense of place, which is widely valued and appreciated. The total area of the Generally rural dwellings were of limited depth, with a typical length to depth ratio of not less than 2 to 1. In Ulster, rural openings was always cottages were normally extended, either by going up and adding a first floor or adding another room to the gable. considerably less than the Only later did it become common to add larger one and two storey rear extensions or front porches. area of solid wall. Vertical emphasis. Cottage normally Wide piers between one room depth. openings. Rural dwellings appeared sturdy and robust with their high wall to window openings ratio. Window openings invariably had a vertical emphasis, sometimes arranged symmetrically and typically with uniform sill and head heights. In larger rural dwellings, windows tended to be quite high which, along with lower sills than modern dwellings, had the advantage of allowing considerable light into larger rooms. Normally glazing bars were consistent in pattern, but with a change through time from the multiple panes of Georgian to the double panes of later Victorian. The simple three bay, two storey farm-house with a central entrance door, up until a generation ago, was the country- side’s most characteristic built feature. Sometimes the larger farms had dwelling-houses with four or more bays. The common three bay farmhouse with associated outbuildings, which was so typical in the Northern Irish rural land- scape. 22 23
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